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Tell her with confidence, I'm STD FREE. Get tested, be sure.

Cancer of the bladder - is commonly in males. It is still unknown cause.

Predisposing Factors
may be cigarette smoking
exposed to chemical industries like dye industries
may be excessive drinking of coffee
consumption of excessive amount of analgesics

Signs and Symptoms
painless hematuria (blood in the urine)
Difficulty of urination( dysuria)
frequency of urination
urgency urination
fever, chills
pain when progression of tumor that causes bladder obstruction and bladder infection
pelvic and back pain if metastasize
leg edema due to invasion of the pelvic lymph nodes

Nursing Care:

Alleviate fears - give time to face fears
Emphasize the positive aspects of treatment

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